Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Republican Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Nationalist Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Only the dates of the postmarks have been taken in consideration for this classification, but not the text of the content if any. Postmarks with unreadable dates or covers with no postmarks are under the category "Undated".
Cover from the front to Madrid, with rare usage of Valencia meter dated on December 9, 1938, not usual on military mail except for the International Brigades. Mark on the front and the back reading "COMANDANCIA GENERAL DE ARTILLERÍA / EJÉRCITO DE LEVANTE / S.I.A. / CARTOGRAFÍA". With content.
Cover from Orihuela labor camp to Murcia, franked with Edifil 683 & 687 and with censor mark of the camp (Heller RO7.1). Sender's info on the back: "Carlos Casal Rivas, Campo Trabajo, Orihuela". Orihuela postmark dated on July 26, 1938. With content.
Stationery post card Edifil 77n, from Valencia prison to Murcia. Sent by Carlos Casal Rivas, 4th Gallery, Cell 461, to Raimundo and Alberto Casal. No postmarks, but text on the back dated on May 19, 1938.
Sent to Luis Cavarino by his wife Aurora Murado, also held in Las Ventas prison, also in Madrid. The prison in Madrid’s General Porlier street was officialy named «Prisión Provisional de Hombres Nº 3». The stationery post card bears two marks: «Censurada» in black ink and «Sed breves en las contestaciones» in red, both stamped upon arrival to General...
Cover with censor mark Heller RB3.11 and field post postmark (unreadable date), On the back, mark "55 DIVISIÓN 177 BRIGADA MIXTA / Comisario / Batallón 705" and Marseille arrival postmark of October 17, 1938.
Cover with letterhead «Compañía de los Ferrocarriles de Madrid a Zaragoza y a Alicante, material y tracción» to José Munilla, in San Vicente del Raspeig labor camp. Franked with 45c Edifil 744 and Sucursal Nº 9 Madrid postmark, dated on June 20, 1938. Handwritten note on top left corner «Rda el 4/7/938» (Received on July 4, 1938).
Stationery post card Edifil 83 with censor mark "CAMPO CONCENTRACIÓN ( LÉRIDA / CENSURA" to Barcelona. The sender is "Vicente Bonet, Campo de Concentración, 4a Compañía, Seminario Viejo (Lérida)". Lleida postmark dated on April 3, 1939. Text on the back wrongly dated in 1938 instead of 1939.
Registered cover with censor mark "Batallón de Trabajadores Nº 3 / Censura / Mando" to Alaejos (Valladolid), sent by the guard Andrés Hernández. Handstamp cancellation only with the date, Dec 5, 1938. Transit railway postmark Zamora-Medina with date Dec 6, 1938 and Alaejos registered mail arrival backstamps.
Cover from Barcelona to Pont Saint Esprit with mark 16 Batería D.C.A., field post postmark and censor mark Heller RB3.17 on the front and the back. Pont Saint Esprit arrival backstamp dated on December 12, 1938.
Cover with letterhead Socorro Rojo Internacional, Correspondencia del Combatiente from the front to Madrid, with postmark dated on June 26, 1937. Sent by the soldier Carlos Pascual, 28 Brigada, 2º Batallón, 4ª Compañía.
Cover from Miranda de Ebro concetration camp to Switzerland, sent by a Polish prisoner whose info is on the back of the cover: "Rte [Remite] Roman Oswald, Miranda de Ebro (Burgos), C. de Conc. [Campo de Concentración], Comp. [Compañia] Polacos, España".
Registered cover from Las Navas del Marqués to Villaverde de Medina, with mark "Milicia Nacional / Batallón Cruces Negras de la Victoria Nº 1 / Ametralladoras", Villaverde censor mark Heller V95.1 and railway transit backstamp.
Two post cards from Saint Jean de Luz, France, to Madrid (Republican zone) and Pontevedra (Nationalist zone), sent by the same person to a mother and a daughter living in different zones, letting them to know about each other. The card addressed to Madrid has censor mark Heller RM1.1
Air mail cover from Valencia to France, with postmark dated on March 24, 1939 and censor mark Heller RV2.4. Vernet-les-Bains arrival backstamp dated on March 31, 1939. Cover circulated during the last week of the Spanish Republic.
Air mail cover from Barcelona to France, with postmark dated on January 20, 1939 and censor mark Heller RB3.17. Toulouse transit and Vernet-les-Bains arrival backstamps. Cover circulated during the last week of Republican rule upon Barcelona, that felt on January 26, 1939.
Stationery post card Edifil 75, sent by Jesús García Galán, crrdor. (corredor) izqd. (izquierdo) to Buenaventura Galán Soria. No postmark, but text on the back dated on March 3, 1937. Censor mark Heller RM1.1
Cover from Benisanó castle, used as prison to host a detachment of San Miguel de los Reyes, to Valencia. Franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Valencia postmark of September 7, 1938, plus mark "C T J S / CENSURA", used in Benisanó castle. "C T" may stand for "Campo de Trabajo" (Labor Camp), while the "J S" letters remain undesciphered.
Cover to Valencia franked with 30c Edifil 687 and three 5c Edifil 745, with mark "D.P. Nº 1 - VALENCIA / CENSURA" used in San Miguel de los Reyes prison and its detachments. Unreadable postmark but text dated on January 28, 1939. The sender is a guard of a detachment. With content.
Post card franked with 25c Edifil 749 to Juan José Leirado Pajares in "2a Compalía, D[e]p[ósit]o de Prisioneros 7 Gandía", with clean censor mark "D. P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA". Unreadable postmark date, but text on the back dated on January 29, 1939. Censor number "451" also on the back. From the content of the text we understand the addressee was a guard.
Cover from Los Escolapios prison to Madrid, franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Gandia postmark of February 1, 1939. Censor mark "D.P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA" on the back, plus sender's info: "E. de Benito, D.P. Nº 1, 4a Compañía". Sent by the prisoner Esteban de Benito to his wife Maria Rafart.
Cover from Los Escolapios prison to Madrid, franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Gandia postmark of November 14, 1938. Very clean censor mark "D.P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA" on the back, plus sender's info: "E. de Benito, D.P. Nº 1, 4a Compañía". Sent by the prisoner Esteban de Benito to his wife Maria Rafart. With content: letter sent by the prisoner and...
Cover with letterhead "República Española / 21a Brigada Mixta / Batallón Núm. 84 / Comisario" to Madrid, with field post postmark ECC Nº 2 E dated on July 7, 1938 and censor mark "CENSURA / 2º CUERPO DE EJÉRCITO". Madrid arrival backstamp dated on June 10, 1938 and sender's info: " Eduardo Hernández, 36 Brigada Mixta, 141 Batallón, Base 1a, CC 3, Fuerzas...
International Brigades, cover from Falset to Czechoslovakia. Falset postmark of April 24, 1938 and censor mark Heller RB3.11 on the front and the back. Praha transit postmark dated on April 30, 1938 and on the back, air mail Paris transit mark of May 29, 1938 and arrival to Dolní Hanychov of May 1, 1938.
Cover from Paris to Saint-Emillion with Rue Bleue (Paris 83) postmark dated on June 9, 1938. This postmark was specially made to postmark the correspondence of the International Brigades sent through Paris from April 1937 to June 1938.