Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Republican Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Nationalist Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Only the dates of the postmarks have been taken in consideration for this classification, but not the text of the content if any. Postmarks with unreadable dates or covers with no postmarks are under the category "Undated".
Stationery post card Edifil 83 with censor mark "CAMPO CONCENTRACIÓN ( LÉRIDA / CENSURA" to Barcelona. The sender is "Vicente Bonet, Campo de Concentración, 4a Compañía, Seminario Viejo (Lérida)". Lleida postmark dated on April 3, 1939. Text on the back wrongly dated in 1938 instead of 1939.
Registered cover with censor mark "Batallón de Trabajadores Nº 3 / Censura / Mando" to Alaejos (Valladolid), sent by the guard Andrés Hernández. Handstamp cancellation only with the date, Dec 5, 1938. Transit railway postmark Zamora-Medina with date Dec 6, 1938 and Alaejos registered mail arrival backstamps.
Cover to Neufons, France, with censor Heller RB3.17 sent by "Jaime Fité Espeichs, Clínica Militar Nº 6, Sala D, Cama nº 35, Aigues de Ribas, Gerona", and Mesterrieux transit mark dated on November 11, 1938.
Cover from Barcelona to Pont Saint Esprit with mark 16 Batería D.C.A., field post postmark and censor mark Heller RB3.17 on the front and the back. Pont Saint Esprit arrival backstamp dated on December 12, 1938.
Cover with letterhead Socorro Rojo Internacional, Correspondencia del Combatiente from the front to Madrid, with postmark dated on June 26, 1937. Sent by the soldier Carlos Pascual, 28 Brigada, 2º Batallón, 4ª Compañía.
International Brigades, cover to Czechoslovakia sent by the Jewish brigadist Adolf Lebovič, "S.R.I. 1J, Albacete", with mark SCC111 of Dec 11, 1937 Heller 9 and censor Heller 5a on the back, among Paris transit mark dated on Dec 15, 1937 and Bratislava arrival postmark of Dec 17, 1937. On the front Prague transit mark of Dec 16, 1937.
Cover from Miranda de Ebro concetration camp to Switzerland, sent by a Polish prisoner whose info is on the back of the cover: "Rte [Remite] Roman Oswald, Miranda de Ebro (Burgos), C. de Conc. [Campo de Concentración], Comp. [Compañia] Polacos, España".
Registered cover from Las Navas del Marqués to Villaverde de Medina, with mark "Milicia Nacional / Batallón Cruces Negras de la Victoria Nº 1 / Ametralladoras", Villaverde censor mark Heller V95.1 and railway transit backstamp.
Two post cards from Saint Jean de Luz, France, to Madrid (Republican zone) and Pontevedra (Nationalist zone), sent by the same person to a mother and a daughter living in different zones, letting them to know about each other. The card addressed to Madrid has censor mark Heller RM1.1
Air mail cover from Valencia to France, with postmark dated on March 24, 1939 and censor mark Heller RV2.4. Vernet-les-Bains arrival backstamp dated on March 31, 1939. Cover circulated during the last week of the Spanish Republic.
Air mail cover from Barcelona to France, with postmark dated on January 20, 1939 and censor mark Heller RB3.17. Toulouse transit and Vernet-les-Bains arrival backstamps. Cover circulated during the last week of Republican rule upon Barcelona, that felt on January 26, 1939.
Stationery post card Edifil 75, sent by Jesús García Galán, crrdor. (corredor) izqd. (izquierdo) to Buenaventura Galán Soria. No postmark, but text on the back dated on March 3, 1937. Censor mark Heller RM1.1
Cover from Benisanó castle, used as prison to host a detachment of San Miguel de los Reyes, to Valencia. Franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Valencia postmark of September 7, 1938, plus mark "C T J S / CENSURA", used in Benisanó castle. "C T" may stand for "Campo de Trabajo" (Labor Camp), while the "J S" letters remain undesciphered.
Cover to Valencia franked with 30c Edifil 687 and three 5c Edifil 745, with mark "D.P. Nº 1 - VALENCIA / CENSURA" used in San Miguel de los Reyes prison and its detachments. Unreadable postmark but text dated on January 28, 1939. The sender is a guard of a detachment. With content.
Post card franked with 25c Edifil 749 to Juan José Leirado Pajares in "2a Compalía, D[e]p[ósit]o de Prisioneros 7 Gandía", with clean censor mark "D. P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA". Unreadable postmark date, but text on the back dated on January 29, 1939. Censor number "451" also on the back. From the content of the text we understand the addressee was a guard.
Cover from Los Escolapios prison to Madrid, franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Gandia postmark of February 1, 1939. Censor mark "D.P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA" on the back, plus sender's info: "E. de Benito, D.P. Nº 1, 4a Compañía". Sent by the prisoner Esteban de Benito to his wife Maria Rafart.
Cover from Los Escolapios prison to Madrid, franked with 45c Edifil 752 and Gandia postmark of November 14, 1938. Very clean censor mark "D.P. Nº 3 GANDIA / CENSURA" on the back, plus sender's info: "E. de Benito, D.P. Nº 1, 4a Compañía". Sent by the prisoner Esteban de Benito to his wife Maria Rafart. With content: letter sent by the prisoner and...
Cover with letterhead "República Española / 21a Brigada Mixta / Batallón Núm. 84 / Comisario" to Madrid, with field post postmark ECC Nº 2 E dated on July 7, 1938 and censor mark "CENSURA / 2º CUERPO DE EJÉRCITO". Madrid arrival backstamp dated on June 10, 1938 and sender's info: " Eduardo Hernández, 36 Brigada Mixta, 141 Batallón, Base 1a, CC 3, Fuerzas...
International Brigades, cover from Falset to Czechoslovakia. Falset postmark of April 24, 1938 and censor mark Heller RB3.11 on the front and the back. Praha transit postmark dated on April 30, 1938 and on the back, air mail Paris transit mark of May 29, 1938 and arrival to Dolní Hanychov of May 1, 1938.
Cover from Paris to Saint-Emillion with Rue Bleue (Paris 83) postmark dated on June 9, 1938. This postmark was specially made to postmark the correspondence of the International Brigades sent through Paris from April 1937 to June 1938.
Cover from Elda to Barcelona with Alicante local Allepuz 1, 1936. Air mail label with difficult explanation, as the franking does not correspond to the air mail postage cost and this services was interrupted from July 1936 for interior mail in Spain. Postmark dated on October 9, 1936.
Air mail cover from the Madrid front to Gibraltar, with special field post postmark "FRENTE DE MADRID / CORREOS / 23 SET 1937 / ESTAFETA Nº 19" and Madrid censor mark Heller RM1.1.. Madrid air mail backstamp and mark "Via Marseille y Cerbére".
Air mail cover from the front to Czechoslovakia, with post mark "E. de C. B. Móvil" dated on May 12, 1938 Heller 85, and air mail mark Heller 92. Censor mark Heller 5b on the back plus two Prague arrival backstamps with date of May 15, 1938.