Postal History of the International Brigades
International Brigades, cover from Falset to Czechoslovakia. Falset postmark of April 24, 1938 and censor mark Heller RB3.11 on the front and the back. Praha transit postmark dated on April 30, 1938 and on the back, air mail Paris transit mark of May 29, 1938 and arrival to Dolní Hanychov of May 1, 1938.
Cover from Paris to Saint-Emillion with Rue Bleue (Paris 83) postmark dated on June 9, 1938. This postmark was specially made to postmark the correspondence of the International Brigades sent through Paris from April 1937 to June 1938.
Air mail cover from the front to Czechoslovakia, with post mark "E. de C. B. Móvil" dated on May 12, 1938 Heller 85, and air mail mark Heller 92. Censor mark Heller 5b on the back plus two Prague arrival backstamps with date of May 15, 1938.
Cover to France with sender "Bernardo García Pérez (servicio sanitario) / Plaza Altozano nº 490 / Base postal militar nº 6/ España" and censor mark Heller 6 and E de C B Movil postmark dated on October 1, 1938 on the back. Unreadable postmark on the front.
International Brigades, cover to the "monitor de la 34 Brigada" with postmark E. de C. Nº 4 Heller 62. On the back censor Heller 66 & transit E. de C. B. Móvil Heller 85. Sender: "Plaza Altozano 4E, Barcelona"(4E was the code for the 4th Brigade General Staff)
International Brigades, cover to a brigadist, Perdo Puigdemont, "45 División, Plaza del Altozano Nº 12E - SRI Albacete". The code 12E was for the 12th Brigade General Staff. Pair of 30c with one bisected and Torredonjimeno postmark.
Stationery post card Edifil 77n to Joaquín Llorens, a Spaniard in the 12th International Brigade. Addressed to 12 brigada, 2º Batallón, E.M. (Estado Mayor), 5º Cuerpo de Ejército, 4º Equipo Móvil. Censor Heller 5a on the front and field post postmark E. de C. Nº 2 Heller 50 on the back. Rare.
Stationery post card Edifil 77n to Joaquín Llorens, a Spaniard in the 12th International Brigade. Addressed to Plaza Altozano 321, Barcelona. On the back, censor Heller 5a and field post postmark E. de C. B. Móvil of Jul 12, 1938 Heller 50. Rare.
International Brigades cover to a czech volunteer in Batallón Divisionario 122/3 belonging to 45 División. Postmark dated on Aug 13, 1938. On the back, censor mark Heller 5b and arrival postmarks of E. de C. B. Móvil of Aug 16, 1938 Heller 85 & E. de C. Nº 3 of Aug 18, 1938 Heller 55.
International Brigades censor mark Heller 5b on field post card with stamp cancelled by handwritten lines and sender from the 140 Brigada Mixta, 44 Division. By the end of the war and after the International Brigades were dissolved, their censor marks were still used by the Republican Army in Catalonia, between December 1938 and January 1939.
Lot of a cover sent by a Czech brigadist interned in the French camp for Spanish refugees of Gurs to Prague. And another cover sent from Spain by the same brigadist and to the same addressee on July 18, 1938, with censor and postmark of the International Brigades.
Cover sent by the brigadist Fritz Denters to his mother in Holland, G.W. Denters-Stallmann, with Barcelona meter dated on July 21, 1938 Heller 8, and censor Heller 5a on the back. The second cover was sent by the same brigadist to his mother in Holand again, circulated with French meter from Rue Bleue, Paris.
International Brigades, cover from Brno, Czechoslovakia with postmark dated on 15 IX 1938 to the soldier Jiri Vejrosta, "SRI 6120, Barcelona", redirected to the hospital of the International Brigades in Denia by adding "Herido, Denia" with pencil and "Plazo Altozano, Denia".
International Brigades, post card to Switzerland only with mark SCC 111 dated on May 3, 1937 (Heller Birg. 9) used as franchise, as there are no stamps on the card. Rare circumstance and rare destination, as Swiss citizens fighting for foreign countries could loose their nationality.
International Brigades cover with Barcelona meter Heller Brig. 8 dated on June 27, 1938 and field post mark Heller Brig. 85 “Correo de Campaña / B.I. / E. De C. B. Movil” dated on June 25, 1938. Censor mark on the back Heller Brig. 5b and arrival postmark from Pas de Calais. Very rare.
International Brigades, air mail cover to Prague with censor Heller 5a and rare mute postmark formed by three concentrical circles. This is the first time we see such a postmark on an International Brigades cover. On the back, Paris transit of September 8, 1937 and Prague arrival marks dated on September 9, 1937.
International Brigades air mail and registered cover from Alicante to Czechoslovaquia. On the front there is not any special mark belonging to the International Brigades, and even the postmark is the regular mark from Alicante, dated July 28, 1938.
International Brigades, cover from the front to France with Valencia meter dated April 21, 1937 Heller Brig. 7 and special censor mark in red “VISADO / POR LA / CENSURA MILTAR” Heller Brig. 4. On the back, mark of the Servicio Central de Correos reading “S.C.C: / 21 ABR 1937 /111”stamped in Albacete