Nationalist Postal History of the Spanish Civil War
Postal stationery Edifil 69 with Mallorca local Allepuz 22. Palma de Mallorca with unreadable mark, but text on the back dated on December 12, 1936. Rare early piece of postal history to a Francoist concentration camp. Central folding mark.
Extremely rare usage of Republican censor mark "D.P. Nº 3 - GANDIA / CENSURA" from Escuelas Pías prison, used by the Francoist administration of the same prison in 1940, on postal stationery Edifil 83 to Valencia. Unreadable postmark, but text on the back dated on December 6, 1940.
Cover from Corps (Isere), France, to General Franco in Madrid. Postmark dated on April 4, 1941. Arrival backstamps both dated on April 26, 1941, one from Madrid and the other one reading "Jefatura del Estado / Servicios Postales". Rare.
Cover from French patrol boat Austral wifh franchise mark "F.M. / Mission ESPAGNE / Patroullieur Austral" and mark "MARINE FRANÁISE - SERVICE A LA MER". Corlay arrival backstamp dated on November 26, 1938. Very rare.
Extremely rare usage of Republican censor mark "D.P. Nº 1 - VALENCIA / CENSURA" from San Miguel de los Reyes prison in Valencia, used by the Francoist administration of the same prison in 1944, on post card to Madrid franked with 20c Edifil 974 and Valencia postmark of July 6, 1944.
Cover with franchise of Worker's Battalion 17 "BATALLÓN DE TRABAJADORES Nº 17 / CORREOS / 28-10-38 / FRANQUICIA" and mark of the same battalion on top right corner to the inspector of concentration camps and prisoners of war in Burgos. Burgos censor mark. Ex Gómez-Guillamón.
Post card from Patronato concentration camp in Bilbao, to Barcelona, circulated through franchise, with Bilbao postmark of April 25, 1939 and censor mark of the camp "CENSURA MILITAR / CAMPO DE CONCENTRACIÓN / PATRONATO - BILBAO". Addressed to a postman in Barcelona's Section 2. Ex Gómez-Guillamón.
Post card from Celanova central prison to Gijón, with censor mark of the prison "CENSURA PRISIÓN CENTRAL / CELANOVA" and also Celanova censor. Unreadable date on the postmark, but text dated on October 19, 1939. Ex Gómez-Guillamón.
Stationery post card Edifil 83 from Madrid's San Antón prison to the same city, with mark "PRISIÓN HABILITADA / DIRECCIÓN / SAN ANTÓN - MADRID". This prison was installed in the building of Pious School of San Antón. When this building was adapted to become a prison, the main entrance was blocked in Hortaleza street 65, and it was opened in Farmacia...
Cover from Barcelona to Patronato concentration camp, Bilbao, 1939, circulated with handwritten franchise on top right corner of a postman in Barcelona's Section 2. Barcelona censor mark, postmark of March 13, 1939, and return to sender handwritten mark "D" in organge. Flap and bottom left corner of the cover missing. With content. Ex Gómez-Guillamón.
Cover from Barcelona to Patronato concentration camp, Bilbao, 1939. Barcelona censor mark and stamp lacking on the front (possibly because it was not postmarked and reused by the prisoner).Bilbao arrival backstamp of March 30, 1939. The sender is a postman from Barcelona, Section 2. Ex Gómez-Guillamón.
Interesting study with 11 post cards related with Dueso Penitenciary Colony: 7 from Dueso to Málaga, 3 from Málaga to Dueso, and a last one from Dueso prison to West Worthing, Sussex, England. Detailed study of censor marks, marks of the prison and references on the text to the postal system. Mounted on six exhibition plates. Ex Gómez-Guillamón collection.
Stampless cover from Illescas (Toledo) to Cördoba, with mark of Illescas Town Council for lack of stamps and postmark dated on November 24, 1936. On the back info of the sender: Lonrenzo Prats, Artillería Pesada Nº 1, 4a Batería Obuses 15,5, Columna Madrid, Carabanchel Alto. Córdoba arrival backstamp dated on November 30, 1936.
Registered cover with censor mark "Batallón de Trabajadores Nº 3 / Censura / Mando" to Alaejos (Valladolid), sent by the guard Andrés Hernández. Handstamp cancellation only with the date, Dec 5, 1938. Transit railway postmark Zamora-Medina with date Dec 6, 1938 and Alaejos registered mail arrival backstamps.
Cover from Miranda de Ebro concetration camp to Switzerland, sent by a Polish prisoner whose info is on the back of the cover: "Rte [Remite] Roman Oswald, Miranda de Ebro (Burgos), C. de Conc. [Campo de Concentración], Comp. [Compañia] Polacos, España".
Two post cards from Saint Jean de Luz, France, to Madrid (Republican zone) and Pontevedra (Nationalist zone), sent by the same person to a mother and a daughter living in different zones, letting them to know about each other. The card addressed to Madrid has censor mark Heller RM1.1